LandClim is a spatially-explicit forest landscape model that was developed to assess the importance of climatic effects, forest disturbances such as fire and management on historical and future forest dynamics. It consists of a local vegetation model (based on ForClim) that simulates forest succession, and a landscape model that simulates processes such as fire, wind, forest pest outbreaks, forest management and seed dispersal.  LandClim simulates forest dynamics at time scales from tens to thousands of years and at large spatial extents (e.g. 30 km²).  Within central Europe, LandClim has be used to simulate spatial explicit projections of forest derived ecosystem services, and to evaluate how these services will be impacted under future climate, disturbance and management scenarios. For further details visit

Comments are closed.